From the mid to late-1990s, international donors began to pressurize the Government of Kenya to show more initiative, especially in matters relating to State reform and governance. The main goals were improved performance of the public sector and public expenditure, the enhancement of investment incentives, and the implementation of anti-corruption mechanisms. Significantly, corruption began to rise on the list of priorities although it had been recognized as a major problem in Kenya’s “general” development since the early days of independence.
Shockingly the first attempt to counter corruption in Kenya, The Prevention of Corruption Act, was enacted in 1956. The Act did not define exactly what corruption was, but did give rules as what could and could not be done, thereby criminalizing certain actions. Amendments followed in 1965, 1991 and 1997, but little attempt was made to implement anti-corruption policy until December 1997 when the Kenya Anti-Corruption Authority (KACA) was established in fulfillment of World Bank conditionality.
All those years down the line, now more than ever corruption is viewed as so deeply ingrained in Kenya’s social, political and economic structure that it has become the norm. With the formation of KACA for the first time an institution outside the Executive was given wide-ranging powers that could only to be revoked by a judicial tribunal.
KACA now known as Kenya Anti-Corruption Commission (KACC) was empowered to prosecute all cases involving corruption outside the civil court system (seen to be highly corruptible) and try them on an individual basis in KACA’s supposed autonomous and incorruptible judicial system. Despite the structure, processes, and staffing of the KACA, it became ‘too sticky’ for the ruling elite and was suspended shortly after birth on account of alleged incompetence.History keeps repeating it’s self just look what happened after Ringera was reappointed to head the same KACA (KACC)
The failure of subsequent efforts to tackle corruption in Kenya attests to the ultimate unwillingness of the governing elite to compromise their hold over political power where the latter might be undermined by anti-corruption efforts. Can you imagine 53Years down the line since “the prevention of corruption Act” was enacted corruption keeps developing in Kenya and it has become like a way of life. My question is “Will corruption ever stop developing in Kenya?”