It is for sure that corruption is rampant in Kenya’s public service. Political corruption may be defined as the dysfunction of a political system or institution in which government officials, political officials or employees seek illegitimate personal gain through bribery, extortion, nepotism, patronage, graft, and embezzlement. Political corruption is a specific form of rent seeking (not to be confused with property rental), where access to politics is restricted by limited transparency, limited competition and domination of narrow interests. Political corruption tends to be more extensive in countries where safeguards such as a well-paid, merit-based civil service, investigative journalism, and other accountability mechanisms aren’t well developed.
We do know that there is no way corruption can go on in any particular ministry if the permanent secretary is not taking bribes. Further, it is a known fact that there is no way the permanent secretary can continue taking bribes if the minister is not taking bribes. The corruption in Kenya’s pubic service is created and nurtured by the politicians—not the civil servants.
Thus, if some junior civil servant is taking bribes in a particular ministry, know that the minister in charge of that ministry is also taking bribes. And if a Minister is taking bribes, know that the president is taking bribes.