A court hearing is a gathering within a courtroom that is called for the purpose of conducting some type of legal procedure. There are many types of hearings, some of them involved with civil court issues while others focus on criminal court situations. While the structure and focus of a court hearing will vary from on location to another, there are a few essential elements that apply in just about every court of law and thus govern the flow of a court meeting.
In many countries, the use of a preliminary court hearing known as an arraignment takes place. Often, the structure of this type of court hearing allows legal counsel to present information to a judge regarding a charge leveled at a defendant. The judge then determines if there is sufficient evidence to hold a defendant over for trial. It is also not unusual in some courts of jurisdiction for the defendant to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty at this time. If appropriate, the judge may also set a bail amount for the defendant.
Just about every national legal system provides procedures and requirements that must be used in a court hearing known as a trial. With the trial, prosecution counsel provides evidence and testimony from witnesses in an attempt to convince a judge or jury of the guilt of the defendant. During the course of the trial, legal counsel for the defendant will be given the chance to present a case for the innocence of the defending party. The general expectation is that once prosecution and defending counsel have presented their positions, a decision can be rendered and the issue resolved. If required by the laws of the land, another court hearing known as a sentencing is held at some point after the trial takes place.
FYI-WHAT ARE COURT HEARINGS?